Pediatric Ears, Nose and Throat
Tonsils and Adenoids
Tonsils and adenoids consist of glands and tissue located in the back of the throat and nose. Tonsils are generally two large lymph nodes located in the back of the throat while the adenoids are located high in the throat and in the back of the nose. While these structures are the first line of defense of our body’s immune system in fighting infection, they can also become infected by viruses and bacteria. Enlarged tonsils and adenoids can also be the cause of snoring and sleep apnea.
Otitis Media (Ear Infection)
Ear infections are more common in children but do occur in adults. A middle ear infection occurs in the space or air pocket behind the eardrum. When this space becomes filled with fluid, it can lead to an infection due to viral or bacterial growth. Ear pain, fever and even ear drainage are a few of the symptoms of otitis media. Middle ear infections can lead to many problems. Seeking medical attention for ear infections is the best solution to make sure that you receive adequate treatment and prevent complications.
Allergy and Sinus
Allergy and sinus problems can lead to sinusitis, upper airway infections, persistent allergies, and asthma in children. Asthma is a condition that can be life threatening for your child. There are many other causes of allergy and sinus problems in children. Find out about the symptoms and solutions for allergy and sinus conditions.
Otitis Externa (Swimmer's Ear)
Swimmer’s ear (otitis externa) is a condition that causes pain in the outer ear and ear canal. The ear canal protects the ear from foreign objects entering in the middle part of the ear, such as bugs, water, and small toys children shove in there. The ear canal is also responsible for protecting the ear form developing infections. Otitis externa is common for children and adults who are frequently exposed to water symptoms can include ear pain, odorous and colored discharge and swelling of the ear canal.
Pediatric Neck Masses (Swollen Glands and Lymph Nodes)
Neck masses are commonly seen in children and usually represent a temporary, swollen and infected lymph node. Most of these infected lymph nodes will shrink in a few weeks. Some nodes may be congenital (present at birth) and are rarely cancerous in children. A consultation and examination by an ENT is recommended if the node enlarges or persists for more than 3 weeks. A complete examination may suggest the need for medical treatment that may include antibiotic therapy, fine needle biopsy, radiology studies and neck mass excision.
Additional Readings: www.entnet.org/content/patient-health